Last week the Packard Foundation hosted a convening on “Data Informed Philanthropy,” an effort to explore and build digital systems that enable philanthropies to be truly data-informed. This term means having effective systems for collecting, analyzing, and making sense of data to inform and enable greater impact with funding. Here’s a small list of articles and blog posts that help frame this topic, including how the term “Data-Informed” was using in my recent book, “Measuring the Networked Nonprofit.”
- Lucy Bernholz, “Data-first Philanthropy.” Alliance Magazine, September 2012. A starting point for envisioning a future state in which data is the ‘GPS of philanthropy.’ Also, check out Lucy’s Digital Civil Society wiki for examples of open data used for the social good
- Beth Kanter, “Data Informed. Not Data Driven.” Beth’s Blog, September 2011. Argues for the use of data for informing decisions, rather than decisions being driven by data with limited interpretation
- Larry McGill, “Data for Good.” Alliance Magazine, September 2012. Explores the ecosystem of data for social problem solving and the role philanthropy can play
- Jacob Harold, “Nonprofits Master “Medium Data” Before Tackling Big Data.” Harvard Business Review, March 2013. Urges nonprofits to focus on sharing and using basic information about who they are, what they’re doing and what’s happening, before tackling big data.
- Dana O’Donovan and Noah Rimland Flower, “The Strategic Plan is Dead. Long Live Strategy.” SSIR Blog, January 2013. Argues for engaging in adaptive strategy given the data rich and rapidly changing environment for solving complex social problems
- Patricia Patrizi, Elizabeth Heidi Thompson, Julia Coffman, and Tanya Beer, “Eyes Wide Open: Learning as Strategy Under Conditions of Complexity and Uncertainty.” Foundation Review (Vol 5:3) Makes the case that most foundation strategies are unfolding in complex and dynamic environments, and foundations need a more committed approach to learning and strategic adaptation.
The convening used participatory methods to identify topics for small group conversations related to the theme and was expertly facilitated by Allen Gunn from Aspiration. ( I wrote a reflection last week about the facilitation techniques here). One of the themes that bubbled up was the role of ambient data from social media channels and I agreed to lead a discussion on: How useful is this data for foundations? Are there methods and tools in the nonprofit and philanthropic sector for using it effectively? I got to facilitate a deep dive with a dozen folks and here are the takeaways from the discussion.
- We came up with the term “Ambient” data to describe unstructured data out that is generated through social media channels – tweets, status updates, comments, etc. There is not much value in the raw data unless you have the tools and skills to synthesize it.
We identified two potential challenges for foundations to make use of this data:
- The data itself can be biased because it comes from a sampling of people who use social media or what some called a “self-selection bias,” so the data may not be representative of a total population – only specific locations or demographics. Also, in some places of the world there is lower adoption rates of social — for example in very rural areas of the developing world – where this data would not be useful for informing a funding strategy.
- The professional tools for monitoring and analyzing social media data can be expensive and pose a steep learning curve.
- It would be useful to have a landscape study of who is doing what in terms of using social media ambient data in the nonprofit and philanthropy sectors. The group identified a few organizations that are using it well, but would it great to have a deeper field understanding of where we are with this technique.
We identified several great examples of nonprofit using social media data for decision-making, mostly to support communications strategy.
The Red Cross is using social media data during disasters and launched its digital operations center in 2012 that provides a physical home for their social media monitoring. The Red Cross Digital operations center has big monitors reminiscent of NASA’s Mission Control and it uses customized, enterprise level professional software like Radian 6 to capture and analyze the social data stream. Social Media command centers are more commonly found in the corporate center for these uses.
Patrick Meier has this excellent “behind the scenes” post from April, 2012. He points the common challenge in using social media data for emergency response: scaling. There is so much data coming in at a fast past, with 4,000 tweets per day – a number that skyrockets during a disaster. The American Red Cross can’t be everywhere at the same time.
The Digital Operations Center is one response to this scaling challenge. Sponsored by Dell, the Center uses customized software produced by Radian 6 to monitor and analyze social media in real-time. The Center itself sits three people who have access to six customized dashboards that relate relevant information drawn from various social media channels. There is also an engagement dashboard that looks like Tweetdeck or Hootsuite so during an emergency staff can response to immediate needs. They also tag and analyze responses. Patrick ends with this observation: “After listening to Wendy Harman from the Red Cross describe the various tools she and her colleagues use as part of the Operations Center, I began to wonder whether these types of tools will eventually become free and easy enough for one person to be her very own operations center.”
The other application for nonprofit communications is using ambient social media data to inform advocacy campaigns. Upwell, an organization incubated by the Ocean Conservancy and that works in a different way to support Ocean Conservation is using social media data, campaign experiments, and failing fast and learning fast to get impact. Here’s a blog post by Rachel Dearborn describing the process.
Nonprofits and some foundations are using ambient social media data for brand reputation monitoring. This diagram is from a presentation from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation on their methods for using social media data.
The group also mentioned an example in Europe where a neighborhood council was cross referencing social media data with location to find out what topics were trending in those neighborhoods as part of a planning process.
We also discussed that it would be useful to have a map or fuller array of case studies that illustrate how the data might be used for different interventions. We brainstormed a few:
- Real-Time evaluation of communications strategy for a nonprofit or foundation
- Brand and reputation monitoring for a nonprofit or foundation
- Crisis communication strategy
- Disaster work
- A community foundation that was doing a landscape analysis of issues in its community to guide funding strategy development
Social media monitoring and data might be particularly useful for a foundation that is funding an advocacy area and to provide this data and analysis or fund it for a cluster of grantees working on a particular issue to support the communications strategy.
We discussed some of the social media monitoring tools. The professional tools will cost money, but can process higher volumes of information. There are key questions to consider before investing in a social media monitoring solution. Your answers will help you determine the functionality you need and make the choice about what you are willing to pay for.
- How many people will be monitoring and managing your accounts?
- Do you only want to monitor social media mentions, or would you also like to manage your social media profiles using this platform?
- Which profiles are you most active on? You’ll need to be sure your chosen tool supports the networks you use.
- How long do you need to archive the data? Do you need annual reports, or will monthly reports suffice?
- Does the data need to be exportable? In which formats?
- Do you need sentiment analysis?
- Do you need share of voice metrics requiring vast amounts of competitive data from across the web?
- What type of customer support are you looking for?
- Do you need your monitoring tool to integrate with other tools like Salesforce, Google Analytics, etc.?
- After answering these questions, you should have a good idea of the requirements you have for a tool to measure your social media marketing results.
TrustRadius has this report analyzing the different social media management tools, including those that can be used for monitoring ambient data.
Is your organization making use of “ambient” social media data to inform its communications or engagement strategy? How are you using it to inform decision-making, action, and real-time evaluation? Please share your thoughts in the comments.